什么是FERPA?

The Family Educational Rights and 隐私 Act of 1974 protects the privacy of student education records. FERPA法案规定了检查和审查教育记录的权利, the right to seek to amend those records and to limit disclosure of information from the records. The intent of the legislation is to protect the rights of students and to ensure the privacy and accuracy of education records. The Act applies to all institutions that are the recipients of federal aid administered by the Secretary of Education.

FERPA对学生的教育记录给予了哪些权利?

* The right to inspect and review their education records within 45 days of the day the college receives a request for access.

学生 should submit written requests to the 司法常务官办公室 and identify the record(s) they wish to inspect. The staff of the office will make arrangements for access and notify the student of the time and place where the records may be inspected. 如果注册办公室没有保存要求的记录, 学生将被告知应向其提出请求的正确官员.

* The right to request an amendment to the student’s education records that the student believes are inaccurate or misleading.

学生 may ask the college to amend a record that they believe is inaccurate or misleading. They should submit the request in writing to the 注册商’s Office and clearly identify the part of the record they want changed, 并说明为什么它不准确或具有误导性.

如果学校决定不按学生的要求修改记录, the university will notify the student of the decision and advise the student of his or her right to a hearing regarding the request for amendment. Additional information regarding the hearing will be provided to the student when notified of the hearing.

* The right to consent to disclosures of personally identifiable information contained in the student’s education records, 除非FERPA在未经同意的情况下授权披露.

One exception which permits disclosure without consent is disclosure to school officials with “legitimate educational interests.学校官员是学校行政部门雇用的人员, 监督, 学术或研究, or support staff position (including law enforcement unit personnel and health staff); a person or company with whom the college has contracted (such as an attorney, 审计师, or collection agent); a person serving on the 校董会; or a student serving on an official committee, 比如纪律委员会或申诉委员会, 或协助其他学校官员完成他或她的任务.

A school official has a “legitimate educational interest” if the official needs to review an education record in order to fulfill his or her professional responsibility. The 注册商 of the University will determine the “legitimate educational interest” on a needs basis.

*向美国提出申诉的权利.S. 教育部 concerning alleged failures by the college to comply with the requirements of FERPA. 管理FERPA的办公室的名称和地址是:

家庭政策遵从处
U.S. 教育部
马里兰大道400号., SW
华盛顿特区.C. 20202-5920

哪些人受FERPA保护?

学生 who are currently enrolled or formerly enrolled regardless of their age or status with regard to parental dependency are protected under FERPA. 学生 who have applied but have not attended an institution and deceased students do not come under FERPA guidelines.

什么是教育记录?

当然也有例外, an education record is any record (1) from which a student can be personally identified and (2) maintained by 澳门网上博彩官方网站. 学生有权查阅这些记录.

教育记录包括任何形式的记录(手写), 打印, 磁带, 电影, 软盘, 等.),而该等资料须由任何学校职员持有. This includes transcripts or other records obtained from a school in which a student was previously enrolled.

什么不包括在教育记录中?

  • sole possession records or private notes held by school officials that are not accessible or released to other personnel,
  • law enforcement or campus security records that are solely for law enforcement purposes and maintained solely by the law enforcement unit,
  • records relating to individuals who are employed by the institution (unless contingent upon attendance),
  • 医生提供的有关治疗的记录, 精神病学家, psychologist or other recognized professional or paraprofessional and disclosed only to individuals providing treatment,
  • records of an institution that contain only information about an individual obtained after that person is no longer a student at that institution.

什么是目录信息??

澳门网上博彩官方网站 may disclose information on a student without violating FERPA if it has designated that information as “directory information.在澳门网上博彩官方网站,这包括学生的:

  • 名字
  • 家庭住址(城市,州/国家)
  • 母公司名称(年代)
  • 家庭住址(城市,州/国家)
  • 校园邮箱
  • 澳门网上博彩官方网站电子邮件地址
  • 主要(s) /次要(s)
  • 出席日期
  • 授予学位和授予日期
  • 所获荣誉及奖项
  • 参加官方认可的活动和体育运动
  • 目前在校情况(全日制/兼职)
  • 班级排名(大一、大二、大三、大四等.)
  • 预计毕业日期

How does a student authorize release of their education record in the form of an academic transcript?

学生 must authorize the release of their transcript by written request with signature or by completing and signing a transcript request form available in the 注册商’s Office, 或通过澳门网上博彩官方网站网站在线订购(需要电子签名). 可能会有与成绩单请求相关的费用. 更多信息请联系注册办公室.

谁可以访问学生信息?

  • 学生和任何获得学生书面许可的外界人士.
  • 具有“合法教育利益”的学校官员(由学校定义).”
  • 《澳门网上博彩官方网站》规定的受抚养学生的父母.
  • 响应合法发出的传票或法庭命令的人, 只要学校做出合理的尝试,首先通知学生. 正常情况下, the University will comply with a subpoena after two weeks have elapsed from the day the subpoena was received. For legal questions, please contact the Office of the Vice-President for Business Affairs at 641.585.8496.
  • State and local education authorities (“Federal and State Authorities”) may allow access to your records and personally identifiable information without your consent to any third party designated by a Federal or State Authority to evaluate a federal or 状态 supported education program, 以及研究人员进行某些类型的研究.

什么情况下披露信息不需要学生的同意?

当披露为:

  • 对于拥有“合法教育利益”的学校官员(在政策中定义),
  • 联邦, 状态, and local authorities involving an audit or evaluation of compliance with educational programs,
  • in connection with financial aid; including Veterans’ benefits,
  • 为教育机构或代表教育机构进行研究的组织;
  • 致认证机构:
  • 服从司法命令或传票
  • 在健康或安全紧急情况下
  • 发布目录信息;
  • 向据称暴力犯罪的受害者公布纪律听证会的结果.

如需更多资料,请联络:

司法常务官办公室
萨尔维森大厅,一楼
南第六街106号
森林城市,爱荷华州50436

641-585-8139
registrar@paeet.com

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